Slovenia in the Balkans, is between Croatia and Austria, in a region whose history has passed through several different cultures and civilizations, from the Urnfield Culture, or the Hallstatt until today, Romans, Germanic, Austro-Hungarian, Slavs... all of them have left their legacies in the history of Slovenia.
In the 2nd century b.c., the Noricum Kingdom in the region of the Easter Alps, was a kingdom that had a very good relationship with the Roman Empire, and traded iron with them. Years before our era, they decided to associate themselves with the Romans but maintained their autonomy, but much later, they took over their lands. It is this age that the main Slovenian cities were born, cities that were called Celeia (Celje today), Ljubljana or Liubliana, the capital, was before called Emona or Ptuj.
Later in the 4th century, the region of Noricum was divided into various provinces, that of the interior and that of the Mediterranean mostly. They were regions that were invated by the Germanic people after the fall of the Roman Empire. Later came the Ostrogoths to take over the land, and until the 5th century, the Slavs took root definitively on these lands and stayed until today's day and age.
In the 7th century, all of the Slavic towns in the Balkan Region united in alliance undar the Samo Monarchy. It was an alliance that was short lived, but was the first step in definining the Nation of Carantania, a region that held strong during decades until it was threatened by the Eurasian Avars. This was when the Slavs asked for help from the Bavarii tribe with a condition that the Carantania Region would convert to Christianity. Before then it was a Pagan region. Carantania won the battle, but now that religion had to extend through its region, a situation that the local population did not accept much, which created conflicts with the Bavarii until finally the Bavarris forced Christianity on the people.
During the middle ages, when the Napoleon Wars were raging, the city of Ljubljana was the Slavic capital, and stayed that way up to the 20th century, a century of wars, in which the Slavic people distanced themselves from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and united with Croatians and Serbs, created a kingdom, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which, after WWII, passed from being a kingdom to a republic, under the command of General Tito, the Father of Yugoslavia.
In 1991, the war in Yugoslavia raged, and the united nation declared independence from Slovenia, which came rather quickly with hardly any bloodshed. Others lasted years, and the Ex-Yugoslavia emerged as a country like Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia...
Today, Slovenia is a democratic republic, ruled by a parliamentary republic.
Today, it is important to mention that Slovenia has become to be quite a tourist attraction. Cities like Ljubljana, Bled, Koper, Piran, etc. have become main tourist cities to visit.
Here in Costasur.com you can find guides and tourist information for many destinations, you can also reserve accommodation, transport or activities for your holidays. We are specialists in accommodation with more than 75,000 hotels and apartments in more than 900 destinations.